Seven Differentiators of Success for Your Strategic Marketing Initiatives (Part I)

In over twenty years of Marketing, I worked on many large cross-functional projects. Multiple CLM, CRM and Marketing Automation implementations; restructuring of a lead program responsible for millions of leads per year; Customer Loyalty and Satisfaction initiatives; Product Line launches; fully Integrated Marketing Campaigns; you get the idea. These projects tend to be critical. With regard to CRM, my friends at Merkle have identified 50% of high growth companies are more likely to see CRM as a key driver of success. In addition these high growth companies are 2.4x more likely than low-growth companies to have built/implemented excellent CRM capability. So successful implementation of these large scale projects can be the difference between high growth companies and low growth companies

It has been my experience that senior leadership in high-growth organizations truly understand the value these these initiatives bring to their organizations. They see them, and treat them, as strategic initiatives, critical to their organization’s success. Those that are less successful treat them more tactically. Which is a shame, because they fail to optimize the investment.

So what differentiates the successes from the failures? Why do large CRM implementations only meet CIO/CTO expectations half the time, according to Gartner, or only succeed about a third of the time according to Merkle? Why are so many disappointed by Marketing Automation, CLM, CE and other projects requiring a solid foundation in marketing technology?

Large cross-functional strategic initiatives often led by Marketing (e.g.- CLM, CE, CRM, Marketing Automation) lack:

  1. Executive buy-in and C-level commitment. There needs to be a champion (usually the CMO) supporting these initiatives at the senior level, with the champion’s peers in agreement on the key objectives and deliverables. The objectives of the initiative needs to align with corporate strategy as well. Everyone must agree that this initiative gets their support, and that roadblocks will be dealt with quickly and easily. Since these projects often require IT resources, the CMO needs to partner with the CIO/CTO. The CIO/CTO needs to champion the project within her organization. Each impacted senior leader needs to be actively engaged during discussion at the C-level, commit the resources, communicate down through their organization, empower their internal champion, and hold their team accountable for achieving initiative goals and objectives. Probably the single biggest predictor of success, in my experience.
  2. Management bandwidth. With executive buy-in comes the need for executive leaders to ensure there is management bandwidth. It is not prudent to simply add a large initiative to the plate of your manager or director without taking another commitment off their plate, either by reallocating other projects they own or are involved with, or potentially delaying implementation of other projects. You can only roll one giant boulder up a hill at a time successfully, add more and you risk more than one crashing down on the innocent bystanders below.
  3. Benefit realization. The project champion and project team need to define success. Identify the benefits a major initiative will bring to your organization. Work with your financial team to quantify the benefits. Communicate, and continually communicate the benefits across your organization. Show them the benefits, and then show them again. You can never overcommunicate. And then measure against those benefits so you can manage your progress. Have respected champions in your organization validate the benefits and offer testimonials as proof the benefits are real. Underperforming? Then figure out where you need to make adjustments. Overperforming, then check your initial forecasts to make sure they are real; see how else you can apply the initiative to amplify success further, or bring in the necessary resources or create the environment to make gains sustainable. And don’t forget to communicate when you overperform (did I mention communication is important?). Celebrate successes when you meet your objectives or KPIs.
  4. Process knowledge. Do you have good processes in place? If you have good process, and its well-documented, then you will have an easier time building your detailed requirements and matching to the technology which will best enable your process. Or, if the technology supports a different process, then you will have a better understanding of how your process needs to change to accommodate the technology. May or may not be worth the investment, but you can do the analysis (or I could help). Or similarly you can think about how to customize the technology solution to fit your process, and do that cost-benefit analysis to determine if the gains are worth the investment. Again, its all about taking a more strategic approach to your initiative.

These are just a few keys that apply to successful implementation. In the next post, I will touch on the impact of poor needs assessment, data availability and failing to plan/build a roadmap.

As always, I welcome your comments below. And if you want to talk to me about your strategic initiative in Marketing strategy, operations and technology, contact me at smintz@tds.net.

3 Benefits to Building Your Brand for Your Customer Lifecycle Marketing program

Many folks think of logos, marketing collateral, advertising, and other imagery as their brand. They lump in patents, copyrights, trademarks and other intellectual property; domain names, slogans, jingles, and other components. And they are partially correct. But a brand is so much more than that.

A brand is the promise you make to your customers. It is the experience your customers expect to take away each and every time they interact with your brand.

And your brand is an important component to a successful Customer Lifecycle Management (CLM) program. According to BrandZ, “On average worldwide, only 7 percent of consumers buy on price alone, down from 20 percent ten years ago. In contrast, 81 percent regard brand as an important consideration. (“BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands”, published by Millward Brown, 2010). So it is in your best interest to build the best brand you can build to ensure CLM success.

1) Preserve your Corporate Identity

Brands build their reputations in a painstaking manner. Great brands like Starbucks have managed to construct a unique global reputation based on the provision and service of high quality products. They offer a consistent and unique experience for patrons, not replicated by competitors. And they incorporate a consistent approach to corporate social responsibility.

And that identity is permeated at every customer touch point, so entering a Starbucks in Boston feels very much like entering a Starbucks in Bloomington, MN and/or Boise. You experience that same identity online at starbucks.com or on their Facebook page. And every piece of collateral, from the cups to the napkins, to the cup holders, to the POP displays, signs, CDs, local and national ads in one store or locale looks exactly like its counterpart in another.

2) Maintain your Competitive Advantage

A top brand retains competitive advantage in the marketplace because it is easily identified and stands apart. The brand is presented in a consistent manner and the customer experiences the brand in the same way no matter where they are.

Starbucks, Apple, Nordstrom, Wal-Mart, Disney and Sub-Zero are all brands with advantages over the competition in terms of unaided recall. They each own advantages in product design, ease of use, customer service, or cost (or maybe on multiple dimensions). Because they deliver a competitive advantage, they retain customers better than the competition and perform well when it comes to loyalty and referral. This makes it difficult for a competitor to come in and steal market share.

Perhaps the competition can come in and undercut your brand based on price, but they can only employ that strategy for so long before eroding margins have a long-term financial impact. And if you attract shoppers based on price today, you will likely lose them down the road when another competitor beats you on price.

3) Helps You To Grow Revenue

When you have a strong brand identity and distinct, recognized advantage, customers can more easily see the perceived value your brand brings. Your lifecycle marketing campaigns benefit too, as they will be more visible, recognizable, and more likely to be responded to. Campaigns help Marketers to grow revenue. Campaigns can drive revenue from new customer acquisition, whereby you leverage mailings or social media posting and other promotions to your prospect list. Or you can run retention campaigns to keep those at risk of attriting from leaving you. Campaigns can drive incremental purchases later in the year from your core customer base or they can increase the amount of items typically purchased in one shopping session from a particular segment.

In our businesses, regardless of our function, we want to see our customers’ needs met by our brand. We want our brand to deliver on the promise that our Sales and Marketing teams (and all of our employees) make. Accomplishing this ensures our Customer Lifecycle Marketing programs meet their objectives and enhance value to the brand.

5 Considerations to Growing Your Welcome Program Revenue

As a Marketer, you are always looking to engage your customers and grow revenue and retention. You have many touch points and channels to leverage. One of the first actions your customers will undertake with you is to subscribe to your email list. They may be at the top of the funnel, considering making a purchase and doing some research. They may be aware of your brand and consider it a viable option to meet their needs. Or they may already be a customer, having purchased via an offline channel.

1) Before you begin, be sure to outline the goals and objectives of your Welcome Program. Are you looking to drive first purchase? Are you trying to obtain more information so that you can better segment and service your customers?

2) Based on your goals and objectives, be sure you can measure your results appropriately to know if you have succeeded. Too many companies move straight to implementation without thinking about how they will measure results. This is particularly important when it comes to measuring results by segment or as part of testing. It makes implementing more challenging and time-consuming if you have to go back to change your implementation to incorporate a last minute need for reporting/analysis that you could have included in your requirements up-front with some forethought.

3) Consider how you will be segmenting your Welcome Campaign. Do you wish to treat large potential customers different from smaller ones? Are you effectively segmenting prospective customers from existing customers? Do you have other large segments of customers that might fit into a Welcome Campaign, like recently reactivated subscribers?

You may wish to segregate your new subscribers from the rest of your email program until they have worked though the Welcome progression. Of course, the wise Marketer will test different approaches, applying the best approach and constantly retesting against different approaches.

4) Do not make process a secondary consideration. Make sure you have process nailed down. The key is to get that first email into your customer’s inbox as quickly as possible from the initial sign-up. You want to reinforce the customer’s decision to subscribe to your program, and get them used to seeing email from you. Do you need to send this email from the same IP address as your other campaigns, or should you bundle this as part of a transactional IP? If you have a lot of volume from new subscribers, sending from the same IP address as your other campaigns can help to improve overall IP address deliverability as engagement with Welcome campaigns tends to be significantly higher than other non-triggered campaigns. However, if you already have deliverability issues on a regular basis, then sending from a transactional IP is a better way to go to ensure these messages get into your subscribers inboxes. Talk to your email service provider to select the best option for your program.

Another overlooked process component is the “From” and subject line. Please do not use a name of someone the average person would not recognize in the “From” line. Maybe Microsoft could get away with a “From” name of “Bill Gates” or the Cleveland Cavaliers with “LeBron James” (and believe me, the celebrity should have widespread international recognition and not be just the owners or Marketing-VPs own perception of themselves); instead use the name of the brand that the subscriber is seeking to learn more about, like “Banana Republic” or “Toyota Prius.” You can even add a modifier like “eNews” or “Information” or “Offers”, depending upon the Segment or type of content that is being sought. Bottom line, make it appropriate and descriptive.

As for the subject line, keep it short and sweet and include the brand name. Repetition of the brand in the subject line and From lines is good and helps your brand stand out in the inbox for those readers who scan both. Some readers will be From line dominant and others subject line dominant, so by repeating the brand in both, you have a better chance of standing out with either segment. Include some variant of Welcome in the subject line tied to your brand, like “Welcome from Banana Republic”. And if you are tying an offer to the subscription, then include a mention in the subject line. Just be careful of those marketing words that may cause an ISP to consider your email SPAM. You should always test into your most beneficial subject lines at the onset of the campaign, and continue to test variants over time.

5) Provide value added content. Some Welcome Campaigns could be multi-part, providing valuable information about how to order, tips regarding

You can provide special benefits to your email subscribers as an inducement to sign up. These special or gated offers can increase revenue from new subscribers by as much as 3X, while also increasing the speed at which your email subscription list books its first revenue for your company. In addition you can communicate the many ways your customer can interact with your brand and gain the most value out of their relationship with you. Typically a Welcome program will drive greater engagement too, helping the deliverability of all your emails with ISPs.

A Welcome Campaign is a beneficial component to any Customer Lifecycle Management Program, helping you to generate revenue and keep your customers engaged. Let me know in the comment section your thoughts and successes/learnings with regards to your Welcome Program, or others you have seen.

3 Technology Tools You Need to Build a Successful Customer Lifecycle Marketing Program

I attended a conference earlier this week and interacted with many smart Marketers, each doing some wonderful things and accomplishing a great deal. However, everyone seemed to be having the same challenges and asking similar questions. I came away thinking that the following three platforms could provide the base for any Marketer to be successful in building out their CLM Program. Please add your comments as I am interested in your thoughts on this topic.

1. CRM (Customer Relationship Management). CRM should be the base for most any CLM program. A robust CRM program consists of good process and an enabling technology. At its heart, CRM should integrate data from your key systems, including contact, transaction, behavioral and service data, to name a few. Use it to make improvements to your lead generation, cross-sell, up-sell and retention programs by leveraging its ability to track what is happening in your sales pipeline. Build segmentation schemes and make them available in your CRM system.

CRM tools are very powerful, so it is in your best interest to carefully understand your processes, define your CRM strategy and the business needs. Failure to define effectively up front leads to failure upon implementation. At minimum, if you understand your processes, build a rock solid strategy and support it with detailed business requirements, you can find the technology that meets your needs and set yourself up for success. And make sure you involve your users in building requirements and the decision-making process.

Look for tools with the following characteristics:

  • Out-of-the-Box functionality is robust enough to meet most of your needs;
  • Customizable- good functionality out-of-the-box is needed, it is likely not everything will work as required, so you should be able to make some adjustments periodically;
  • Configuration is simple and robust, meeting your needs;
  • Integrates easily with the systems that will be feeding it data;
  • Scalable- it can meet your volume needs now and accommodate reasonable growth for many years into the future (these are not systems you want to RFP every few years). Additionally upgrades can be accomplished on a regular basis (annually or every other year) without too much pain;
  • User interface that is easy enough for your power users to accomplish complex tasks but not going to limit user adoption for front line customer service or sales users.

2. MA (Marketing Automation). MA enables you to provide automated sequences that support a sales process. These could be welcome, cart or browse abandonment, renewal, replenishment or bounce back campaigns. Built alongside your CRM system, MA becomes an even more powerful tool as it can make your messages more personalized and relevant by taking advantage of segmentation, behaviors, transactions, etc.

Email is a popular tool to leverage with MA platforms, but you can easily deliver messages to/via websites, apps, SMS, POS, contact centers, social media, etc. A good system will allow leads to be captured, scored, segmented, and added to your CRM.  You should also be able to map out your workflow and manage your leads. You can even manage campaigns within the tool. Many of the same requirements outlined in CRM above also apply for MA tools.

3. BI (Business Intelligence). BI is a tool that enables Marketers to easily analyze data and make the most informed business decisions, often in real-time or near real time. Analytics from BI can drive your programs, helping you to not only identify your successes and failures, but also optimize program performance. Look at how different segments are performing in your welcome program, for instance, and test the offer for a particular segment or test a different cadence or workflow. They key is looking at the data to develop a hypothesis and then test it. A BI tool can be instrumental in building segmentation, online media purchasing, and countless other applications.

Again many of the same characteristics from MA and CRM above will apply. You may also wish to look for tools with the following features:

  • Query Tools:  ability to build queries using a GUI or via SQL to get at the specific information you need to answer a question;
  • Reporting: Often in conjunction with the query tool, you should be able to build reports that can be run either on a schedule or on demand, and delivered to a specific audience to view the information they require to manage their business;
  • Data Visualization Tools: A graphical representation of data allowing you to see data relationships within a single or multiple data sets, usually includes, charts and graphs, allowing you to build dashboards and/or scorecards.
  • Alerts: Building on the above, BI can help you to set up a series of notifications that will trigger when BI detects certain programmable conditions. A good way to establish the quality of your data or drive action when certain business conditions are experienced.
  • Data Mining: Enables you to identify trends in your data sets by poking around in your data. I have often encouraged my analysts and strategists to form some hypothesis and then poke around in the “sandbox of data” to prove or disprove it, or find some nuggets that could lead to testing down the road.

Of course, it is hard to stop at three, but other helpful technology tools could include a Content Management System (CMS) and a Testing and Optimization platform (think Optimizely). If you really wish to blow your mind about all the possibilities, check out Scott Brinker’s supergraphic at http://chiefmartec.com/2015/01/marketing-technology-landscape-supergraphic-2015/?utm_content=11147422&utm_medium=social&utm_source=linkedin -it is one of my favorite pages on the web (OK, I am a geek!).

These tools will help you to get the most bang for your buck from your Customer Lifecycle Marketing program. If you invest in any of these, let me know how it goes.

Customer Loyalty Needs to Benefit the Customer

Recently I was asked how do customers benefit from being loyal to a company. Let’s explore some here.

Typically you would offer your best clients access to improved levels of service. One of my favorite examples is how companies will utilize their telephony software to move their best customers up in a phone queue, so the most loyal (and highest value) customers get preference to be served on the phone first. For those considering this option, you have to analyze the benefit of keeping these customers loyal versus filling the new customer pipeline.

Of course, there was a time airlines provided first class upgrades for free to their best customers; just one of the many loyalty benefits that have seemed to erode in that industry. Is it because someone did the analysis and found it not to be beneficial (if you have insight please leave a comment)? A good reminder for us to always review our loyalty programs and do the analysis.

Insurance companies (like Progressive, Nationwide, Allstate and Liberty Mutual) offer disappearing deductibles to clients who stay with them longer, saving the clients (and likely the insurance companies in the form of reduced marketing expense) money. Disappearing deductibles used to be a fairly exclusive benefit a number of years ago, but seem to have become table stakes in the business. I suppose it is still a benefit to a loyal customer. As a business owner you need to understand if your customer truly perceive it as a benefit before you position it as such.

Costco and REI, among others, offer dividends to their loyalty card shoppers. So in the case of Costco, not only do customers receive credits when they use the card, but they may accrue deeper credits/dividends when they use the card at Costco outlets or with Costco partners. Real great example of the benefit of loyalty.

Many lodging companies offer a deeper discount to repeat guests than to new guests. They will likely provide free upgrades to better rooms if there is availability. No need leaving a premium room vacant. And there is a certain amount of benefit to surprise and delight when it comes to value perception and customer satisfaction.

I love surprise and delight as a concept. I recently stayed with my vegetarian wife at a great hotel known for their chocolate chip cookies and mentioned to the concierge that she would appreciate vegan chocolate chippers (which they did not have on their menu). And oh, by the way, it was to be a little extra gift from me for her birthday. I was expecting to be charged. So I was a little surprised that they did not charge me for the generous plate they brought to my room. But what was even more surprising was the free 30 minute free copper tub soak the concierge provided as her own birthday gift for us. Will I be staying there again next time I go skiing in Beaver Creek? Absolutely. Did I tell all of my friends and coworkers? You bet!

Surprise and delight works on a deeper psychological level. Most people enjoy a surprise. And those who have been surprised (whether positively or negatively) are going to tell someone. And we often remember the surprises in life. So it makes sense to create surprise and delight moments for your customers, and ensure your best customers are relaying a greater share of positive stories. And likely recommending your business in the process.

I can go on and on. In each case the consumer benefits from the loyalty initiative first, with the benefits accruing to the bottom line of the company employing the tactic. But in all cases a business should test these loyalty initiatives to determine incremental impact on retention before investing in them for the long-term. The firm also needs to weigh the investment against other investments that may be available to the business at the time. And they must balance benefits against investment and impact to customers. You want to be careful when favoring one group because that could impact how you service another group or how the other group or segment perceives your company.

Before embarking on loyalty initiatives, be sure to think about the customer. What will your best customers really value? Are there some benefits that may be more important to some customer segments than others? Talk to a few customers from different customer segments (focus groups may work best, or even approaching them in store) to get their perspective. Be sure you consider how a loyalty program aligns with your brand? Are there components of a loyalty program that may be a better fit with your brand than another? What are your objectives and how will a loyalty program help you to meet (or exceed them)?

What are some of your thoughts? What loyalty benefits have you seen for your customers that have been real winners in terms of driving even more loyalty?

And as always thanks for reading and commenting.
Steve

Referrals Jumpstart Your New Customer Acquisition: 5 Keys To Success

When I think about all of the programs a brand can implement to acquire new customers cost effectively and relatively quickly, I can think of none more effective than a customer referral program. Are you a business that creates raving fans? Do you have a group of customers that spend a significant amount of money buying your product or service, and doing it repeatedly? Do you have customers that regularly rate your brand, product, service, etc. a 9 or 10 on a scale of one to ten when you survey them? If not, then you have bigger projects to implement. But if you do, then you must consider a referral program.

One insurance company I worked with saw their agents who had a referral program in place double their  growth rates. Those agents not having a referral program experienced flat to negative growth.

Key #1: Be sure you have a positive value equation.

The first key is to provide a valued product or service to your target market, and make sure the experience they have is the best possible experience they can have for the money. The value equation must be positive in the customer’s favor. You are more likely to give out a referral to someone who has provided you with stellar service, so don’t expect anything different from your customers.

Key #2: Be sure you ask the right people.

Next, are you measuring customer willingness to refer on either a post-sale or post-service satisfaction survey? If you are, then you can leverage those giving a top score on the question “Are you willing to refer a friend to company X (or product X or service X)?”. Start with all those giving you a 10, and gradually test your way into those giving you a 9 or even an 8. Use success in getting business from a referral as your KPI. You should never ask for a referral from someone at a lower threshold. I would personally not go below asking an 8, unless I was personally able to turn someone around from a lower score by resolving an issue.

Key #3: You have to ask for a referral.

The above covers who to ask, but how do you ask? If you have data from the above feeding into your CRM system (and you should), then kick off an automated campaign (email works) that thanks the customer for their business. Tell them that you want to provide the same great product or service that they enjoyed to a friend or two. Then say “Will you please refer us?” It helps if you can link to a site where they can provide you with this information. If you provide a link and collect referral info, then you can reach out to these friends, but be sure to reference the referrer. Of course, work with your ESP and Legal/Compliance team to be sure to have the correct and legal process in place. Your email campaign can also provide links to social networks like Facebook or LinkedIn  or popular review sites like Yelp! or TripAdvisor where customers can post testimonials, in the event they are shy about providing specific names/info of friends.

Or you can ask over the phone or face-to-face if you regularly have contact with these individuals. A handwritten thank you note that specifically asks for referrals is another nice way to ask.

Remember, your likelihood to get referrals increases with your willingness to ask. If you don’t ask, you don’t get ’em.

Key#4: Incentives

You can provide small gifts to individuals who provided you with referrals. The store at which I have purchased my eye glasses recently offered a $25 credit for every referral I gave them that resulted in a purchase, in addition to giving my referral a similar credit on their first purchase. But, again, you must talk to your attorney on this too, as some verticals like Insurance and Financial Services have strict regulations on compensating for a referral.

Key #5: Be transparent

Finally, if you ask for referrals, be sure your customer knows what you are going to do with that referral. Transparency is a huge concern for most consumers these days. So if they know how you are going to use the referral they provided to you, they likely will be more trusting and willing to provide you with a referral.

Please tell me what works for you from a referral perspective. Or, if you want me to work with you to craft a successful referral program for your business, contact me at smintz@tds.net.

CLM Defined

The first question most people ask me is what is CLM? CLM stands for Customer Lifecycle Management. A CLM approach transcends traditional marketing, which tends to focus on the execution of cyclical campaigns and lead acquisition. With CLM, the focus is on the individual in true 1:1 fashion across the entire life of the consumer with the business or brand.

CLM takes advantage of data in our CRM system and enables us to communicate in real-time (or near real-time) to our customers, qualified leads (prospects), and non-qualified leads (suspects). Every customer communication strives to advance people through the lifecycle, deepening their engagement with and loyalty to your firm. With deepening engagement and loyalty, you not only grow your existing customer relationships and retain better, but you convert prospects better. And that means more revenue. CLM requires a planned approach to managing your customer through all phases of their relationship with you.

Typically a CLM approach can cover these phases of the Customer Lifecycle.

  • Awareness
  • Acquisition
  • Engagement
  • Retention
  • Growth
  • Recapture
  • Reengagement

CLM should also ensure that you are targeting the right customers with the right message at the right time. Do we need to send everyone the “Spring into Savings” promo? No there are folks that are likely to buy anyway and there are some that are not Spring-time buyers, or there may be folks that are retention risks for whom we need to focus a more retention-based message or surprise and delight instead of our scheduled promotion. If we are doing it right, we are being more efficient, which makes an investment in the approach a moneymaker over the long-term, providing real return on our budget dollars.

Eventually on this blog I will go into each one of the above phases with ideas and examples for how you can successfully take a CLM approach. I also plan to cover typical CLM-based objectives and strategies you can employ. I also plan to write about the customer-centric approach that a successful CLM program offers. I will also cover topics relevant to CRM since a good CLM approach requires the attention to process and technology that a good CRM program  requires- and goodness knows there are too many people struggling with CRM in the real world. Finally, thanks to 20 years of developing and executing on direct (direct mail, telemarketing, transpromotional messaging, DRTV, etc.) and digital (SEO/PPC, display, email, SMS, social media, mobile, etc.) marketing strategy across a number of verticals (financial services, insurance, credit unions, durables, apparel, CPG, and hospitality/entertainment), I will cover topics in these areas too.

So thanks for coming on this journey with me. And let me know if there are any topics that are of particular interest to you. After all I am privileged to have you visit my blog. The least I can do is make it relevant for you.

Thanks!

Steve